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Unsupported database features

Not all database functions and features of Prisma ORM's supported databases have a Prisma Schema Language equivalent. Refer to the database features matrix for a complete list of supported features.

Native database functions

Prisma Schema Language supports several functions that you can use to set the default value of a field. The following example uses the Prisma ORM-level uuid() function to set the value of the id field:

model Post {
id String @id @default(uuid())

However, you can also use native database functions to define default values with dbgenerated() on relational databases (MongoDB does not have the concept of database-level functions). The following example uses the PostgreSQL gen_random_uuid() function to populate the id field:

model User {
id String @id @default(dbgenerated("gen_random_uuid()")) @db.Uuid

When to use a database-level function

There are two reasons to use a database-level function:

  • There is no equivalent Prisma ORM function (for example, gen_random_bytes in PostgreSQL).

  • You cannot or do not want to rely on functions such uuid() and cuid(), which are only implemented at a Prisma ORM level and do not manifest in the database.

    Consider the following example, which sets the id field to a randomly generated UUID:

    model Post {
    id String @id @default(uuid())

    The UUID is only generated if you use Prisma Client to create the Post. If you create posts in any other way, such as a bulk import script written in plain SQL, you must generate the UUID yourself.

Enable PostgreSQL extensions for native database functions

In PostgreSQL, some native database functions are part of an extension. For example, in PostgreSQL versions 12.13 and earlier, the gen_random_uuid() function is part of the pgcrypto extension.

To use a PostgreSQL extension, you must first install it on the file system of your database server.

In Prisma ORM versions 4.5.0 and later, you can then activate the extension by declaring it in your Prisma schema with the postgresqlExtensions preview feature:

generator client {
provider = "prisma-client-js"
previewFeatures = ["postgresqlExtensions"]

datasource db {
provider = "postgresql"
url = env("DATABASE_URL")
extensions = [pgcrypto]

In earlier versions of Prisma ORM, you must instead run a SQL command to activate the extension:


If your project uses Prisma Migrate, you must install the extension as part of a migration . Do not install the extension manually, because it is also required by the shadow database.

Prisma Migrate returns the following error if the extension is not available:

Migration `20210221102106_failed_migration` failed to apply cleanly to a temporary database.
Database error: Error querying the database: db error: ERROR: type "pgcrypto" does not exist

Unsupported field types

Some database types of relational databases, such as polygon or geometry, do not have a Prisma Schema Language equivalent. Use the Unsupported field type to represent the field in your Prisma schema:

model Star {
id Int @id @default(autoincrement())
position Unsupported("circle")? @default(dbgenerated("'<(10,4),11>'::circle"))

The prisma migrate dev and prisma db push command will both create a position field of type circle in the database. However, the field will not be available in the generated Prisma Client.

Unsupported database features

Some features, like SQL views or partial indexes, cannot be represented in the Prisma schema. If your project uses Prisma Migrate, you must include unsupported features as part of a migration .